Ryabova Anna Anatolyevna, Candidate of philological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of interpretation and translation science, Penza State Technological University (1a Baydukova lane, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Zhatkin Dmitriy Nikolayevich, Doctor of philological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of interpretation and translation science, Penza State Technological University (1a Baydukova lane, Penza, Russia); member of the International Academy of Sciences of Pedagogical Education, honoured research worker of higher professional education of the Russian Federation, honoured research worker of science and technology of the Russian Federation, Member of the Union of Writers of Russia, Member of the Union of Journalists of Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Recently in Russia the interest to the English drama of Elizabethian times, represented not only by William Shakespeare’s creative work but also by his talented predecessors and contemporaries’ works, has become acute. Among them Christopher Marlowe played an important part. The figure of the outstanding dramatist has repeatedly appeared in the works of the Russian literature in the second half of the XX – early XXI century by Yu. O. Dombrovskiy, A. T. Gubin, Yu. M. Nagibin, N. N. Matveyeva, K. Bulychyov, E. I. Parnov which have been analyzed with the purpose to find out motives of the authors’ reference to Marlowe’s creative work and biography.
Materials and methods. The materials for the analysis were the works by the Russian belles-lettres writers in the second half of the XX – early XXI century in which feature the figure of Christopher Marlowe. The comparative-historical, comparative-typological and biographical methods of research are used in the article.
Results. It is noted that the Russian writers in the second half of the XX – early XXI century were rarely (first of all it is characteristic of Yu. M. Nagibin’s story «The Tomb of Christopher Marlowe») attracted by the creative individuality of Marlowe, peculiarities of his civic point of view reflected in his works. In the majority of the Russian writers’ works they stressed understanding of suggestions connected with possible creation of Shakespeare’s plays by Marlowe, supposed creative cooperation of Shakespeare and Marlowe, friendly relations of the two dramatists about which no facts has been preserved. It is pointed out that the Russian writers (K. Bulychyov, E. I. Parnov), though accepting cooperation of Marlowe with secret services, disapproved it asserting, in particular, that such activity morally destroyed the man of art, led to his timeless death.
Conclusions. The research establishes that in all works of the Russian writers in the second half of the XX – early XXI century they show interest to the mystery of Marlowe’s death, in some texts they talk about the pretended murder for the sake of saving (A. T. Gubin), in most others they uphold different versions of reasons and circumstances of the death: from fatal contingence (Yu. M. Nagibin) to the planned liquidation of the their agent by secret services, who became unnecessary (K. Bulychyov).
Christopher Marlowe, drama, comparative study, William Shakespeare, reception, tradition, belles-lettres.
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